The Woman in Green (1945)

This film marked the final (re) appearance of Professor Moriarty (or, rather, as credited, ‘Moriarity’) in the Universal Holmes and Watson series, this time in the chilly, smooth-tongued form of Henry Daniell (who was said to be Rathbone’s favourite). And this time he is behind a particularly gruesome series of murders,

Professor Moriarty: Holmes has one weakness, his insatiable curiosity. If you can rouse that, you can lead him anywhere.

The following review is offered for Todd Mason’s Tuesday’s Overlooked Film meme over at his fab Sweet Freedom blog.

Universal Sherlock Holmes # 9
Conan Doyle Source: not canonical
Sample dialogue: “I smell the faint sweet odor of blackmail!”
Original filming dates: 13 January to 5 February 1945
Sherlock in disguise: no
Universal’s Baker Street Regulars: One of the joys of this series is spotting the appearances of the various members of the stock company of supporting actors who appeared throughout the series in a variety of roles, sometimes as villains and sometimes as victims. In this one we have: Hillary Brooke, Henry Daniell and Paul Cavanagh (all in their third and final roles for the series); Frederick Worlock (third of his six appearances in the series); and Olaf Hytten (fourth of his six appearances in the series).

Originally announced as Invitation to Death, the original screenplay dealt with the murder of young girls who then severed their forefinger as a souvenir though the age of the victims was amended to appease the censors.

Sherlock Holmes: If we could just trace those missing fingers!
Inspector Gregson: If we could only drain the English Channel, we might find a penny.

It remains a gruesome premise, though it is largely forgotten once Holmes zeroes in on the scheme of mesmerist Lydia Marlowe (played by Hillary Brooke in the best of the three roles she played in the series).

The first half of the film is, on the whole, extremely successful and in its sombre way provides a fine contrast to the entertaining but intrinsically disposable tomfoolery of the previous film in the series, House of Fear. In the opening scenes, in which the fourth female victim of the ‘finger murderer’ is found, the bumbling Watson is kept off screen, while Lestrade is replaced by Inspector Gregson (played with nice understatement and surprising emotion by Matthew Boulton). It eventually transpires that the series of murders, likened to the Jack the Ripper case, is part of a blackmail plot that, to be honest, feels like one hell of a comedown for the ‘Napoleon of crime’!

Although not officially based on a Doyle story, there are certainly elements taken from ‘The Adventures of the Empty House’ (1903), the attempt to assassinate Holmes by a sniper, and ‘The Adventures of the Dying Detective’ (1913) in the finale when Holmes pretends to have been hypnotised and in the control of the villains,. Even better though is the use of the following dialogue exchange, taken from ‘The Final Problem’ (1893), the only story in which the Professor actually appeared:

Sherlock Holmes: And now, Professor Moriarity, what can I do for you?
Professor Moriarty: Everything that I have to say to you has already crossed your mind.
Sherlock Holmes: And my answer has no doubt crossed yours.
Professor Moriarty: That’s final?
Sherlock Holmes: What do you think?

While the tone is quite dark, comic relief is found by Watson, most notably in a late sequence in which he is hypnotised and made to look a fool. Otherwise, the film really belongs to Hillary Brooke in the title role – indeed, it’s a bit of a shame that Moriarty is there at all to cramp her style, though he does get some choice dialogue exchanges with Holmes:

Professor Moriarty: We’ve had many encounters in the past. You hope to place me on the gallows. I tell you I will never stand upon the gallows. But, if you are instrumental in any way in bringing about my destruction, you will not be alive to enjoy your satisfaction.
Sherlock Holmes: Then we shall walk together through the gates of Eternity hand in hand.
Professor Moriarty: What a charming picture that would make.
Sherlock Holmes: Yes, wouldn’t it. I really think it might be worth it.

The finale, with Holmes seemingly about to throw himself off a high ledge while in a hypnotic trance, is not especially thrilling and in plot terms doesn’t make much sense; while the dispatching of Moriarty is also a bit dull really. Which is a shame because certainly for the first two-thirds of its 68 minutes this was really first-rate entertainment. Compared with the film that was to follow however, Pursuit to Algiers, it was an undoubted masterpiece!

DVD Availability: Available in terrific editions on DVD and Blu-ray the world over, derived from the restorations made by UCLA. All look decent – some, such as The Woman in Green, have some scratches but otherwise look pretty darn good.
Director: Roy William Neill
Producer: Roy William Neill
Screenplay: Bertram Millhauser
Cinematography: Virgil Miller
Art Direction: John B. Goodman, Martin Obzina
Music: Mark Levant, Frank Skinner (theme music)
Cast: Basil Rathbone (Sherlock Holmes), Nigel Bruce (Dr Watson), Mary Gordon (Mrs. Hudson), Hillary Brooke, Henry Daniell (Moriarty), Matthew Boulton (Inspector Gregson), Eve Amber, Sally Shepherd

***** (3 fedora tips out of 5)

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28 Responses to The Woman in Green (1945)

  1. Thorough, thoughtful and interesting review, as always, Sergio. Isn’t it interesting how the end of a film, or even one actor or scene, can really take away from the film’s overall impact? I can see what you mean about the ‘over the top’ sort of scenes in this one. Still, I’m glad you found things to like, too.

    • Thanks Margot – I did thoroughly enjoy this one but there is no denying that the various elements don’t gel as well as they do in the best of the series.

  2. Colin says:

    Meant to watch this one again before you posted on it but got a bit sidetracked with one thing and another. I will look at it in the next day or two but I remember it reasonably well anyway.
    Generally, I liked it, maybe not just as much as the group that came before but there’s not much in it either.
    I agree that the ending is a weakness, it fails to maintain what it had built up to and is a bit of a damp squib.

    • When I first watched it, I remember really liking the hypnosis gimmick but I have a feeling it was old hat even by 1945. But there is much to enjoy here, mostly in the first 45 minutes. This is one of the 4 films that Universal forgot to renew the copyright in, so that it fell into the public domain. Minor miracle it survives in event nick!

      • Colin says:

        I think it was at this point that I became aware of the series starting to lose a bit of steam – nothing too serious but you sense things just starting to dip ever so slightly. I know you might cite House of Fear for that but I still rate that one higher than you do. Next is Pursuit to Algiers, right? That drops off quite sharply.

        • I think you are basically right – House of Fear is meant to work in a certain way, and it does, so it is more a question of taste. Here, it feels like it is pulling in two directions after the first 45 minutes and the script does get a bit thin before the end, which is a shame. But the budgets were being lowered too of course. And yes, Pursuit to Algiers really is the low spot of the series. Going to try very hard to be constructive with that one …

  3. Tho BR did prefer Daniell, he’s a distant third to an in-period George Zucco and jovial Lionel Atwill – the latter even joking about SH’s addiction. BR and LA had faced off two other times.

    • It has been suggested that Rathbone was also just being kind to Daniel, who was still active in the profession, though not having the best of times apparently, unlike Atwill and Zucco, both of whom had passed away by then.

  4. Doubt his comment in his autobio was meant to have an effect. Think he genuinely enjoyed playing opposite him. Karloff would’ve felt the same working with him on The Body Snatcher. And Daniel was non-theatrical – more of a contrast to BR.

    • Thanks for that Bill – he is a bit of a cold fish as an actor but their one big scene together in this fill is certainly it’s highlight 🙂

      • Colin says:

        Daniell did come across as a bit cold on screen but he was also highly prolific and had the voice, looks and manner it was hard to either forget or ignore.
        With this talk of the three actors who played Moriarty opposite Rathbone, it’s maybe worth mentioning that Daniell played a character called Dr Zucco in Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.

  5. Was featured in his own ’60’s magazine ad – “Henry Daniel bacardi’s devils”.

  6. Patti Abbott says:

    Although I have seen some of these, I don’t remember this one. Lovely picture hovering ablove me. Hope it doesn’t give me nightmares.

  7. tracybham says:

    Sounds good, even with your reservations. I will keep an eye out for this one.

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