MURDER ON THE BLACKBOARD (1932) by Stuart Palmer

This book features one of the first, and funniest, examples of that mystery mainstay, the spinster sleuth. From Mary Roberts Rinehart’s plucky one-off heroines to the more professional investigating of Agatha Christie’s Jane Marple and Patricia Wentworth’s Maud Silver (both first appeared in 1928), this is a subgenre with lots of Golden Age appeal. Nosy schoolmarm Hildegarde Martha Withers is my favourite though. She and Oscar Piper, her Inspector friend/nemesis in the New York Police Department (they were even engaged once for about half an hour) made their jolly debut in The Penguin Pool Murder (1931).  I opted not to review that one as plenty of others have got there before me, planned on doing the follow-up, Murder on Wheels (1932), but darn it if the indefatigable John Norris didn’t get their first (again!) at Pretty Sinister Books, so I’ve plumped for the third …

The following review is offered as part of Kerrie’s 2012 Alphabet of Crime community meme over at her Mysteries in Paradise blog, which has reached the letter M. It is also eligible under the guidelines of Bev’s 2012 Mystery Readers Challenge, specifically the 8 books I have pledged to read with an educational setting. I also offer it as part of the Friday’s Forgotten Books meme run by Patti Abbott at her Pattinase blog.

“A Copse doesn’t get up and wander about, as a rule.”

The novel begins on 15 November 1932 at 15:55 (Palmer provides exact date and time at the top of each chapter, except the last …). Jefferson Grammar School is nearly empty but  Hildegarde is keeping back one of her naughtiest pupils after class. She hears the comely new music teacher head off to the cloakroom and never return. Curiosity gets the better of her and the intrepid lady finds the dead body of her young colleague. Realising that the murderer must still be in the building as there is no other way out other than through the front doors, she goes to the candy store across the street to keep an eye on the exit and calls Oscar. When he arrives they both head in, armed only with her cotton umbrella, to find that the body has now gone. While exploring the basement, Oscar is smashed on the head and taken to hospital with severe concussion, while later the hatchet-faced Hildy is also menaced by, well, a hatchet …

Piper is thus absent for much of the novel after he is hospitalised, though this leads to a great scene in which an emotional Hildy is given his badge so that she can continue the investigation without him after the body of the woman is found in the furnace, burned beyond recognition; and the introduction of Viennese criminal psychoanalyst Professor Augustine Pfaffle, who briefly gets put in charge of the investigation and makes a complete hash of it, with the inebriated janitor getting arrested early on. Hildy however is sure he is innocent (pretty much just on grounds of social status):

“You must have read enough mystery novels to know that the janitor and the butler never commit a murder. It’s always the nice man who seemed so disinterested and helpful all through the progress of the story.”

So who did it? One of the teachers, the principal, his dotty wife, his secretary (who was the dead girl’s roommate), or the janitor after all? An empty school is a great environment in terms of atmosphere and Palmer makes good use of it here as we spend lots of time exploring the various rooms of the multi-storey building. Along the way Hildy picks up a dizzying mixture of clues including bootleg liquor (Prohibition was still in effect, though not for much longer), a dead ant, a collection of ladies’ shoes, a musical notation on the eponymous blackboard, a winning Irish sweepstake ticket, a burned ring, another missing schoolteacher, a secret room in the basement and much more … Eventually she figures it out and sets a trap for the killer, using Oscar as bait.

“I’m not thinking, yet,” the sergeant announced.
“Let me know when you start”, Miss Withers said softly.

I am often drawn to the nexus between movies and literature in the mystery genre and Stuart Palmer excelled as both the author of a series of humorous mystery novels and the stories and screenplays for over a dozen movies, including exciting adventures for Bulldog Drummond, The Lone Wolf and even some featuring George Sanders and his brother Tom Conway as The Falcon. His introduction to the movies came when the first three of the dozen novels featuring the hatchet-faced school teacher Hildegarde Withers were filmed by RKO with Edna May Oliver wonderfully cast in the role. The studio then made three more, but had Helen Broderick and Zasu Pitts take over the part, with considerably less success though James Gleason was retained throughout as Oscar Piper. The full list of movies (and one later TV pilot starring Eve Arden) is as follows:

  • The Penguin Pool Murder (1932)
  • Murder on the Blackboard (1934)
  • Murder on a Honeymoon (1935) from The Puzzle of the Pepper Tree (1933)
  • Murder on a Bridle Path (1936) from The Puzzle of the Red Stallion, with Helen Broderick
  • The Plot Thickens (1936) from ‘The Riddle of the Dangling Pearl’, with by Zasu Pitts
  • Forty Naughty Girls (1937) from ‘The Riddle of the Forty Naughty Girls’, with Zasu Pitts
  • A Very Missing Person (1972) from Hildegarde Withers Makes the Scene (1969), with Eve Arden

Bill Lengeman over at his blog Traditional Mysteries has written some affectionate posts on these films.

One of the (many) pairings I could have included in my Partners in Crime listing from last year would have been for the collaboration between Palmer and Craig Rice, which saw what Anthony Boucher thought was one of the first joint literary conjoining of two sleuths when upright teetotaler Hildegarde Withers and the rarely sober lawyer JJ Malone appeared in several short stories together (eventually collected in 1963 in the book, The People Vs. Withers and Malone). Here is a complete list of the Withers books, including Hildegarde Withers: Uncollected Riddles, the posthumously published collection of short stories from Crippen & Landru that includes the two short stories adapted into the Withers movies starring Zasu Pitts.

  1. The Penguin Pool Murder (1931)
  2. Murder on Wheels (1932)
  3. Murder on the Blackboard (1932)
  4. The Puzzle of the Pepper Tree (1933)
  5. The Puzzle of the Silver Persian (1934)
  6. The Puzzle of the Red Stallion (1935) [aka The Puzzle of the Briar Pipe]
  7. The Puzzle of the Blue Banderilla (1937)
  8. The Puzzle of the Happy Hooligan (1941)
  9. The Riddles of Hildegarde Withers (1947) – short stories
  10. Miss Withers Regrets (1947)
  11. Four Lost Ladies (1949)
  12. The Green Ace (1950) [aka At One Fell Swoop]
  13. The Monkey Murder and other Tales (1950) – short stories
  14. Nipped in the Bud (1951) [aka Trap for a Redhead]
  15. Cold Poison (1954) [aka Exit Laughing]
  16. The People Vs. Withers and Malone (1963) cowritten with Craig Rice
  17. Hildegarde Withers Makes the Scene (1969), completed by Fletcher Flora
  18. Hildegarde Withers: Uncollected Riddles (2002) – short stories

Like all the Withers books, Murder on the Blackboard is well plotted and has bags of humour (at one point Hildy even has to slide down a fore escape pole), especially the character names. Along with Pfaffle, two of the more incompetent detectives are named Burns and Allen, the school principal is named Waldo Emerson Macfarland while his wife Chrystal prefers to be known as ‘Madame Chrysanthemum’!

For more information about Palmer and his amazing life an books, see Steven Saylor’s website, Red Morgue Press specialises in reprinting crime novels that deserve to be better known and Murder on the Blackboard is available from their website:

Great fun and well worth seeking out

***** (3 fedora tips out of 5)

This entry was posted in 2012 Alphabet of Crime, 2012 Vintage Mystery Reading Challenge, Campus Crime, Craig Rice, Crime Fiction Alphabet, Hildegarde Withers, New York, Partners in Crime, Scene of the crime, Screwball, Stuart Palmer. Bookmark the permalink.

22 Responses to MURDER ON THE BLACKBOARD (1932) by Stuart Palmer

  1. Margot Kinberg says:

    Sergio – Such an excellent review, for which thanks. One of the things that comes through here is the light touch and sense of humour without being “over the top.” It’s not easy to achieve that and I agree with you that Palmer does.

    • Cheers Margot – that kind of mixture of screwball comedy and mystery, which seems to be so much part of our understanding of what 1930s movies were often like, is certainly pretty irresistible. Palmer’s popularity seemed to wain considerably after the war, and perhaps Oscar and Hildy were too inextricably linked to that earlier era, but I always the books highly entertaining. I was also surprised, in this one, at a fairly realistic description of the two detectives meting out a pretty nasty ‘third degree’ to the poor janitor

  2. Richard says:

    Fine review, Sergio. I haven’t read one of these, but this may convince me to try. First looking at the review, I misread the title as Murder on the BACKBOARD and expected, for a moment, a basketball mystery a la Corbin.

  3. John says:

    Thanks for the link, Sergio. Though I’m not so sure you should have publicized it since my review is less ebullient than yours. I was not a fan of MURDER ON WHEELS. The plot gimmick of twin brothers immediately was a red flag. I also thought the murder method though original (and never to be duplicated by any other writer I’m sure) relied too heavily on luck and perfect timing. I think it highly improbable anyone could pull it off with the ease that the murderer managed. Strangely, if it were in a Harry Stephen Keeler book I would have accepted it without any analysis at all. He’s one of the few writers I can dismiss any sense of verisimilitude. I expect more from an intelligent and witty writer like Palmer.

    I have nearly every Hildegarde Withers book (many with DJs!) but I’ve read only two (the other is PENGUIN POOL MURDER). I haven’t been won over yet. Though that line “Let me know when you start [thinking].” made me laugh aloud this morning. Perhaps I ought to dig into the books in September. All these review copies of contemporary crime novels I’ve been reading are wearying not too mention way too long!

    • Thnaks very much John – and clearly I am going to have to try and track down at leat one book by Harry Stephen Keeler as you all keep mentioning him and I have never, ever actually laid hands on a single copy of a book by the guy, so clearly there is something amiss in my reading! I know what you mean, there is sometimes something very comforting about knowing that you can be in and out of a book with a proper beginning, middle and end (preferably not in that order) in 200 pages or less! Hildy’s a great character – I read most of these in Italian originally and am only now going back to re-read them in English – and the movies with Oliver are wonderful – she and Gleason were just perfectly cast (even Palmer thought so).

  4. michael says:

    Maybe I missed it, but you seemed to have only positive things to say about the book, why only 3 fedoras?

    • Hi Michael, yes, I suppose you are right, I should have added a few criticisms to make my reasoning clearer. I thoroughly enjoyed it but it has its flaws, notably the fact that the murderer’s motive is a on the weak side, which made me dock a few points, though Palmer is having such a good time it seemed churlish to carp. It isn’t an especially ambitious book even within its own sandbox, so as a solid, highly entertaining mystery to me that’s definitely 3 fedoras worth!

      • michael says:

        Thanks, I share your opinion of Palmer and Miss Withers, and I enjoyed your review as always.

        • Cheers mate, much appreciated. Just sat down to watch the RKO movie adaptation which is just as funny as the book – Oliver really is a cross between a camel and ostrich with her low centre of gravity and long neck – fantastic casting and she plays the comedy to the hilt!Edna May Oliver

  5. I have to be in the mood to enjoy Stuart Palmer’s screw-ball mysteries, Sergio. But, when I am, I’ve found the early books to be the most entertaining.

    • Thanks George – I love screwball mysteries and movies so it doesn’t take much to get me in the mood! I think you are right though, Palmer’s best work belongs to the period before the war probably.

  6. TracyK says:

    This is another vintage mystery series I have been wanting to re-read. I have copies of 5 of the earlier ones (plus the two books of short stories.); and I have got to get a copy of The Puzzle of the Pepper Tree with the skeleton on it. I have seen a couple of the movies years ago and would really like to see more of them. You have provided a nice overview and review of the book.

  7. Skywatcher says:

    The first meeting with Palmer came when the BBC showed all three of the Edna May Oliver/Hildegarde Withers movies many years ago. After that I sought out all of the Stuart Palmer books that I could. I’ve read most of them, and I do believe that he is a rather unfairly forgotten author. The ‘collaboration’ with Craig Rice (it does seem that he did most of the work) PEOPLE VS WITHERS AND MALONE is a superb story collection,and one of those that I can read again even when I know whodunnit. Does anyone know if the movies have ever been collected into a DVD box set?

    • Thanks for that Skywatcher, I completely agree with you about the unjust neglect of Palmer. In his intro to People vs Withers and Malone, Palmer makes it clear that she provided occasional gimmicks and grace notes but that the bulk of the writing was his. It seems that, sadly, in later years her state of health allowed for little else really. What a sad even tragic life she led! Jeffrey Marks’ book Who was that Lady? has a lot more about Rice’s life and work. The DVD copies that I have, only the first three sadly, were all recorded from the BBC screenings too. They are not commercially available on DVD though there are bootlegs around.
      Who Was That Lady?

  8. A fine review, Sergio. Hildegarde Martha Withers (like the way her name sounds) is one spinster sleuth I haven’t read before; Stuart Palmer, of course, not being unfamiliar to me. I can imagine the element of humour in mysteries like these and I’m sure they are entertaining to read. Thanks for the link to Steven Saylor’s website.

    • Cheers Prashant – Steven’s excellent site is well worth perusing and provides lots of fascinating info about Palmer. If you like 1930s comedy thrillers in the style of The Thin Man let’s say, you’ll love the Hildegarde Withers books.

  9. Pingback: MURDER AT CAMBRIDGE (1932) by Q Patrick | Tipping My Fedora

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  11. Pingback: Murder On The Blackboard by Stuart Palmer | In Search of the Classic Mystery Novel

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